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An Analysis of Viswakarma Scheme: Empowering India's Artisans and Craftsmen

Anmol Agarwal

13 Oct 2023

Pathbreaking or Underwhelming?

An Analysis of The Vishwakarma Scheme : Empowering India's Artisans and Craftsmen

-Anmol Agarwal

In the heart of India's cultural heritage lies a tapestry woven with threads of ancient traditions, craftsmanship and artistic brilliance. At the core of this heritage are the artisans and craftsmen, the unsung heroes who have preserved India's rich cultural legacy through generations. Recognizing the vital role played by these skilled individuals, the Government of India unveiled the Vishwakarma Scheme, a transformative initiative designed to empower artisans, preserve traditional crafts, and foster economic growth. Named after Vishwakarma, the revered Hindu deity of architecture and craftsmanship, this scheme embodies the spirit of creativity and innovation. Launched with a vision to revitalise India's traditional arts and crafts, the Vishwakarma Scheme places paramount importance on skill development, financial support, market linkage and the preservation of endangered crafts.

Central to the Vishwakarma Scheme is the commitment to enhancing the skills of artisans. Through a myriad of training programs, workshops and knowledge-sharing initiatives, artisans are provided with the tools and techniques that blend wisdom with authentic and unique innovation. These skill development efforts empower artisans to not only preserve ancient crafts but also adapt them to the demands of the modern market, ensuring their relevance in the digital age. Financial assistance forms the backbone of the Vishwakarma Scheme. Artisans, often hindered by financial constraints, receive much-needed support to procure raw materials, tools and equipment essential for their crafts. This financial aid acts as a catalyst, empowering artisans to expand their businesses, invest in new techniques and explore uncharted creative territories. 

By fostering entrepreneurship among artisans, the scheme stimulates economic growth at the grassroots level. The Vishwakarma Scheme serves as a bridge, connecting artisans with national and international markets. Participation in prestigious craft fairs, exhibitions and trade events provides artisans with invaluable exposure. This exposure not only expands their customer base but also enables them to understand global market trends and consumer preferences. By facilitating market linkages, the scheme propels traditional Indian crafts onto the global stage, showcasing the artistic prowess of Indian artisans to the world.

A significant facet of the Vishwakarma Scheme is the preservation of endangered crafts. Many traditional crafts, passed down through generations, are at risk of fading. The scheme identifies and supports artisans practising these endangered crafts, ensuring the survival of India's cultural diversity. By safeguarding these crafts, the scheme contributes to the preservation of India's cultural heritage, celebrating the unique artistic expressions of various regions and communities. In essence, the Vishwakarma Scheme stands as a testament to India's commitment to nurturing its artistic heritage while promoting economic prosperity. By empowering artisans, fostering entrepreneurship, connecting with global markets and preserving endangered crafts, the scheme paves the way for a vibrant, sustainable future where the legacy of India's artisans continues to inspire the generations to come.

Objectives of the Vishwakarma Scheme -

The Vishwakarma Scheme, named after the Hindu deity of architecture and craftsmanship, is a comprehensive initiative aimed at uplifting the status of artisans and craftsmen across India. 

The primary objectives of the scheme include:

1. Skill Development: 

One of the key focuses of the Vishwakarma Scheme is to enhance the skills of artisans. Through training programs and workshops, artisans are equipped with modern techniques and knowledge, enabling them to compete in the global market.

2. Financial Support: 

The scheme provides financial assistance to artisans, enabling them to procure raw materials, tools, and equipment necessary for their craft. This financial aid acts as a catalyst, encouraging artisans to expand their businesses and enhance their productivity.

3. Market Linkage: 

Vishwakarma Scheme facilitates market linkages for artisans, connecting them with national and international markets. This exposure not only widens their customer base but also promotes traditional Indian crafts on a global scale.

4. Preservation of Traditional Crafts: 

The scheme emphasises the preservation of traditional crafts and indigenous knowledge. By providing support to artisans practising endangered crafts, the government ensures the preservation of India's cultural diversity.

Implementation Process-

The implementation of the Vishwakarma Scheme involves a multi-faceted approach that includes various stakeholders such as government agencies, non-governmental organisations and local communities.

1. Identification of Artisans: 

The first step involves identifying artisans and craftsmen across different regions of India. This meticulous process ensures that the benefits of the scheme reach those who need it the most.

2. Skill Development Workshops: 

Skill development workshops are organised in collaboration with expert craftsmen and trainers. These workshops focus on traditional techniques as well as modern innovations, enhancing the skill set of artisans and making them competitive in the contemporary market.

3. Financial Assistance: 

Artisans are provided with financial assistance based on the nature of their craft and their requirements. This financial aid can be in the form of grants or low-interest loans, ensuring that artisans have access to the necessary resources to sustain and expand their businesses.

4. Market Access: 

The scheme facilitates participation in national and international craft fairs and exhibitions. This exposure not only provides artisans with a platform to showcase their products but also helps them understand market trends and customer preferences.

5. Promotion of Geographical Indications: 

The Vishwakarma Scheme actively promotes Geographical Indications (GI) for various crafts. GI tags authenticate the origin of products and protect the rights of artisans, ensuring that traditional crafts are safeguarded against imitation and unfair competition.

Impact of the Vishwakarma Scheme-

The Vishwakarma Scheme has yielded significant positive outcomes, both for the artisans and the Indian economy at large.

1. Economic Empowerment: 

By providing financial assistance and market access, the scheme has empowered artisans economically. Many artisans have seen a substantial increase in their income, leading to improved living standards and financial stability for their families.

2. Preservation of Cultural Heritage: 

The scheme has played a crucial role in preserving India's diverse cultural heritage. By supporting artisans practising ancient crafts, the government ensures the survival of traditions that might otherwise have faded away, enriching India's cultural tapestry.

3. Employment Generation: 

The Vishwakarma Scheme has generated employment opportunities in rural and urban areas alike. As artisans expand their businesses, they often hire local talent, leading to a boost in employment and reducing migration from rural to urban areas.

4. Boosting Tourism: 

Traditional crafts are an integral part of India's tourism industry. Tourists are drawn to the exquisite craftsmanship and the scheme has further enhanced the appeal of Indian handicrafts, attracting more tourists and boosting the economy.

5. Global Recognition: 

Indian crafts, through the Vishwakarma Scheme, have gained international recognition. With artisans participating in global exhibitions, Indian crafts have found a place in the global market, leading to increased exports and foreign exchange earnings for the country.

Challenges and the Way Forward-

While the Vishwakarma Scheme has achieved commendable success, there are challenges that need to be addressed to sustain and enhance its impact.

1. Lack of Awareness: 

Many artisans, especially in remote areas, are unaware of the benefits of the Vishwakarma Scheme. Government efforts should focus on creating awareness and ensuring that the scheme reaches every deserving artisan.

2. Infrastructure and Access to Markets: 

Improving infrastructure, especially in rural areas, and ensuring better market access for artisans are essential. This includes building roads, setting up marketing hubs, and providing logistical support to facilitate the smooth movement of products.

3. Quality Control: 

Maintaining the quality of traditional crafts is paramount. The government, in collaboration with artisans, should establish quality control measures to ensure that products meet international standards, enhancing their marketability.

4. Promotion of E-commerce: 

In the digital age, promoting e-commerce platforms for artisans can significantly expand their market reach. The government should provide training and support to artisans to enable them to sell their products online, reaching a global audience.

5. Sustainable Practices: 

Encouraging artisans to adopt sustainable practices is crucial for the long-term viability of traditional crafts. This includes promoting eco-friendly raw materials and production techniques, ensuring the preservation of the environment.


The Vishwakarma Scheme stands as a beacon of hope for India's artisans and craftsmen. By empowering them with skills, financial assistance and market access, the scheme not only preserves India's cultural heritage but also contributes significantly to economic growth and social development. As the scheme continues to evolve, addressing challenges and embracing innovative solutions, it will play a pivotal role in ensuring that the legacy of India's traditional crafts continues to thrive, enriching the lives of artisans and preserving the country's cultural diversity for generations to come.



This piece expresses the opinions of the author alone and not S.C.A.R.

S.C.A.R neither endorses nor discredits any claims or opinions made in this write-up.

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